CSD 232

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Lab #13 - Dictation Practice

Hear It
Orthographic Representation and Hints

1. I bring to mind a Papua New Guinean folktale I read a while ago. (6 schwas, 6 diphthongs, 3 palatal glides)

2. It concerns a father and a son, who, one moonlit night, decide to go on a hunt. (5 schwas, 1 schwar, 3 diphthongs, 1 stressed rhotic vowel)

3. On the following day they pack up their things and journey far into the dense forest. (3 schwas, 1 stressed rhotic vowel, 1 intervocalic labiovelar glide, 1 diphthong, 3 r-colored vowels)

4. Selecting a suitable place, they build a small sleeping hut and prepare their dinner. (4 schwas, 1 schwar, 1 diphthong, 1 syllabic consonant, 2 r-colored vowels)

5. After eating, the son is very tired and wants to sleep. (2 schwas, 2 schwars, 1 diphthong, 1 r-colored vowel)

6. The father tells him to sleep, but he himself is going out to begin the hunt. (5 schwas, one of which is spoken with retracted tongue body; 1 velarized schwar, 2 diphthongs, 2 backed interdental fricatives, 2 devoiced alveolar fricatives)

7. And with that he takes up his bow and arrows and leaves the hut. (1 schwa, 2 diphthongs, 3 syllabic consonants, 1 vowel with lowered tongue body, 1 low-mid central vowel with retracted tongue body, 3 word-final devoiced alveolar fricatives, 1 devoiced labiodental fricative, 3 backed interdental fricatives)

8. The son closes his eyes and hears his father go but is afraid to sleep. (4 schwas, 1 schwar, 4 diphthongs, 1 r-colored vowel)

9. A thought has entered his mind: what if a ghost comes into the hut? (4 schwas, 1 schwar, 2 diphthongs, 1 unvoiced labial-velar fricative)

10. The ghost might kill him and eat him. (1 schwa, 2 diphthongs, one of which has lowered tongue body, 2 vowels with lowered tongue body, 1 syllabic consonant)

11. So he gets up and silently follows after his father. (2 schwars, 1 diphthong, 1 doubly-lengthened vowel, 1 syllabic consonant, 1 vowel with raised tongue body)

12. Very quietly, he tracks his father through the trees. (1 schwa, 1 schwar, 1 diphthong, 1 palatal glide, 1 r-colored vowel)

13. Meanwhile the father is moving along sensitively, though unaware that he is being followed. (3 schwas, 1 schwar, 1 diphthong, 1 intervocalic palatal glide)

14. And before long he spots a marsupial high up in a tree. (4 schwas, 2 r-colored vowels, 1 diphthong, 1 intervocalic palatal glide)

15. At the appropriate moment he draws back his bow and shoots the marsupial, which falls to the ground with a thud.
(6 schwas, 4 diphthongs, 1 r-colored vowel. 2 intervocalic palatal glides)

16. Down below, the son calls out, “Did you kill it?” (2 schwas, 3 diphthongs, 1 r-colored vowel, 1 rising terminal juncture)

Source:  "Two Folktales of Papua New Guinea From Peter Kohler", Retrieved from