POP ART

THE DECLINE OF EXPRESSIONISM AND THE RISE OF A MECHANICAL AESTHETIC IN THE ART OF THE 1960S

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Required Reading: 

bulletAndy Warhol in his own Words," Contemporary Art: A Sourcebook, pp. 340-346.
bulletRoy Lichtenstein, Interview in Contemporary Art: A Sourcebook, pp. 337-340.
bulletThomas Crow, "Saturday Disasters: Trace and Reference in Early Warhol," in S. Guilbaut, Reconstructing Modernism, pp. 311-331 
bulletFrederick Jameson, "The Deconstruction of Expression," in Harrison & Wood, eds., Art in Theory, pp. 1074-1080. 

Recommended: Robert Hughes, "The Rise of Andy Warhol," in Brian Wallis, Art After ModernismKynaston McShine, Andy Warhol: A Retrospective; (Videotape: Andy Warhol)

Questions for readings:

  1. What are the key points in Thomas Crow's analysis of Andy Warhol?
  2. What are Andy Warhol's own intents as expressed in the essay.
  3. We have seen that much of the art created during the1950s to the early 1960s is less about "expression" (and mark-making) than the previous Abstract Expressionist artists.  Consider how the artist we have been discussing in the last few weeks share an aesthetic of "deconstruction of expressionsim" as Frederick Jameson describes it.  Why?
  4. Why does Robert Hughes believe that Andy Warhol (and Pop art in general) is no longer avant-garde?

Key works

ANDY WARHOL (1928-1987) Born Andrew Warhola

A cool spectator-reporter in the arena of Hot events. -- Stuart Davis

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Shoe Ads, I. Miller, 1955;

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*Coca Cola Bottles, 1962;

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100 Cans, 1962 (cf. Stuart Davis; George Murphy; American Advertisement);

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*Gold Marilyn, 1962;

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Five Deaths, 1963

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*Tuna Fish Disaster, 1963;

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Jackie: The Week that Was, 1964;  (first broadcast, Nov. 24, 1962)

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*Red Explosion, 1965;

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Electric Chair, 1963 (and variations) (including Double Silver Disaster, 1963)

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Brillo Boxes, 1964;

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*Red Race Riot, 1963

ROY LICHTENSTEIN, (1923-1997)

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Girl with a Ball, 1961 (CF. Kurt Schwitters, For Kate);

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Wham, 1963;

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*Okay Hotshot, 1963

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Image Duplicator, 1963;

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*I Can See the Whole Room

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*Little Big Painting, 1965;

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Non-Objective I, 1964 (cf. Piet Mondrian);

Vocabulary

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Caryl Chessman

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Ben-day dotting

Internet resources

bullet Timelines 1960s
bulletAndy Warhol from Mark Harden Artchive (discussion at: http://www.artchive.com/artchive/W/warhol.html)
bulletInterview with Andy Warhol on Velvet Underground, 1966 and other music excerpts from the band
bulletGeneral: Pop Art from the Web Museum
bulletWWW Pop Art
bulletRoy Lichtenstein