Home Up Sample Essays Essay Evaluation Form LPCE Advance Directive Interview Evaluation

You will receive three grades during the ethics module. One will be for small group participation, and the other two will be for written essays. The course faculty feel that there are two distinct sets of skills you need to learn: small group discussion and dialogue, and expressing ethical analyses in written form. Accordingly, you have to pass both the small group participation and the written essays in order to pass the module.

Essay evaluation

Late assignments 

LPCE Advance Directive Interview

Small group evaluation

Evaluation of reading assignments

ASSIGNMENTS OF GRADES

Grade Disputes

Remediation and Grade Deficiencies

Essay evaluation

One essay question is provided for each week of small group discussion. YOU ARE REQUIRED TO SUBMIT TWO ESSAYS, ONE FROM WEEKS 2-4 (FIRST HALF OF COURSE) AND ONE FROM WEEKS 5-8 (SECOND HALF OF COURSE). You may choose which of the topics to write about within each half of the course.  Each week has one or two essay questions pertinent to that week's topic. If there are two questions, you may choose either. 

The essay assignment for the first half of the course is due no later than the beginning of your small group on Week 5. The essay assignment for the second half of the course is due no later than the time your small group would have started on the week following Week 8.  We encourage earlier submissions of essays if you choose to write about the topics assigned for Weeks 2, 3, 5, 6, or 7, as then the readings and class discussions will be fresh in your mind. (It also makes life easier for your small group preceptor not to have all the essays come in at once!)

The goal of the essay assignment is to make full use of BOTH THE READINGS AND THE SMALL GROUP DISCUSSION for that week, in order to construct a well-reasoned, clear essay describing your own moral stance on a case, and reply to someone else whose initial ethical view differs from yours. By making the essay due the week after your group discusses that topic, you are enabled to draw upon the group discussion when you write your essay. See sample essays and general suggestions for writing essays if you are unsure what is expected of you in this assignment. 

Essays must be submitted to your small group preceptor electronically via the ANGEL system. If you have any questions on how to use ANGEL to submit your essay, please contact the course administrator.

Students in past years have occasionally complained about the perceived unfairness of some studentsí essays being due Wednesday while other students have till Friday, because of the scheduling of the different small groups. After extensive review and discussion, we feel that it is most fair overall for the student to have one full week following group discussion of the topic to complete the essay on that topic. Thus, essays may be due on different days of the week, but they are due on the same day of the "internal calendar" of each small group.

Essays will be graded using an evaluation form, which clearly states the expectations the preceptor has for the elements to be included in the essay.  The grade that results is based on a scale of 1 to 100, with 75 being passing.  If you are still not sure what we expect, after reviewing the evaluation form, please see the two sample essays.  You will see that these two essays adopt opposite positions on the case in question, but both are excellent essays which would receive a high grade.

The first essay will count for 40% of your essay grade, the second for 60%. The weighted average of the two must be at least 75% in order for you to pass. A student who receives less than 75% on the first essay will have the option of rewriting that essay for a revised grade. (You are encouraged to discuss this option with your preceptor, to determine whether it is a more prudent use of your time and energy to rewrite the first essay or to work especially hard to improve the second essay.)

Late assignments 

All written evaluation will be based on take-home essay assignments. An assignment may be turned in up to 3 days late, with the approval of the small group preceptor, for good reason. Delays beyond this time or for insufficient reason will require review by the module coordinator and institution of a Remediation plan.

LPCE Advance Directive Interview

As part of the requirements for the ethics module, you will need to turn in to your preceptor a 1-2 page set of notes on your LPCE advance directive interview. This ideally will be done in Week 3 of the module when you will have a chance to de-brief your interview experience as a group. If you are unable to schedule your LPCE interview with your assigned patient prior to Week 3 of the module, you may arrange with your preceptor to turn in your written notes at a later time, but you will have to complete this assignment before the module is over. Please inform your preceptor early of any delays in getting this interview done, so that the small group time can be planned accordingly. If you experience difficulties in contacting your LPCE patient or scheduling this visit, contact the LPCE Coordinator, Rebecca McAdam, by Sept. 9 so that she can assist you in this process.

Written assignment: Take good notes during the interview, or write them up very soon after the interview.  Include in your notes two or three reflections of your own about the experience.  Turn in these notes to your small group preceptor. LPCE assignments will be submitted on ANGEL.  You will use the LPCE  group list, and the SCCD Advance Directives dropbox.  This is the same way you submitted papers in Clinical Skills, HM532 during Spring Semester.  More specific information will be provided to you by email.

Small group evaluation

Your performance in small group will be evaluated by your preceptor during the module. The evaluation form which will be used for this module is the standard group participation evaluation form for all Block II courses.

We expect your behavior in small group to be natural. We do not expect individuals to "perform on cue" simply to get a higher evaluation grade. People who are habitually quiet in groups need not fear that they will not get any chance to demonstrate their proficiency with the required skills. If necessary, your small group preceptors will arrange an out-of-class session to fill in any gaps in what they have observed. Note also that being excessively vocal in small group will lower your grade, not raise it.

If all students seem to be performing well in small group, the small group preceptor will complete the evaluation form at the end of the module, and that grade will become your grade for the group participation requirement. We ask that preceptors who detect problems with any students do their best to warn students of these problems early enough in the module so that the student has an opportunity to correct any problematic behaviors. In some cases the preceptor may issue an interim evaluation form showing the deficiencies by midpoint in the module, and then fill out a second evaluation form at the end. Only the final grade will count. 

Evaluation of reading assignments

Please note that there is no separate evaluation of your comprehension of the required reading assignments. 

The absence of a separate exam on the readings should not suggest that the readings are not important. Keeping up with readings is vital if you are to get what you need out of the small group sessions. Your preceptor will assume completion of the readings before the session and will happily answer any questions about hard-to-understand material, but they will not devote group time to "spoon-feeding" the reading material to students who have not read them at all.

You will note that both the essay and the small group evaluation processes look for evidence of reading completion and comprehension. Therefore, if you have mastered the required readings, you will get proper credit and recognition in both of the evaluation devices used in this course.

ASSIGNMENTS OF GRADES

A "CP" grade will be assigned if the small group evaluation is "2" or "1" and/or the average essay grade is below 75% but at least 70% or you have not turned in written notes of your LPCE advance directive interview.

An "N" grade will be assigned if the small group evaluation is "1" and/or the numerical average for the two essays is below 70%.

All other students will receive a "P" grade.

Grade Disputes

Any preceptor who is about to assign a failing grade to an essay will submit that paper to another preceptor. Therefore no student will receive a failing grade on an ethics essay unless that paper has been reviewed by two preceptors.

The student is strongly encouraged to discuss any disagreement about the fairness of grades first with the small group preceptor, and to attempt whenever possible to resolve any disagreements or disputes at the small group level.

If no agreement can be reached, the student should give the preceptor a clean, unmarked copy of the paper, which the preceptor will then send to the module coordinator. The module coordinator may submit this paper to a neutral preceptor or other equally trained party, and if necessary change the student's grade based on this review. (According to MSU policy a course director has authority to review grades assigned by a small group preceptor and if necessary to change the grade assigned to the student. For the ethics module the SCCD course director delegates this authority to the module coordinator.)

No student will receive a lower grade as a result of this appeal, even if the independent reviewer believes the essay should have received one originally. The student will, however, be informed of such an opinion as part of the review process.

Remediation and Grade Deficiencies

If a student has a grade of "CP" or "N" at the conclusion of the ethics module, then they will have one opportunity to correct that deficiency and raise their grade to a passing level. The additional work required of a student will be individualized depending upon the specific deficiencies shown by the student. In general, it will involve writing a third essay if the deficiency is primarily in the written work; or engaging in an oral discussion of an ethical topic with the preceptor if the deficiency is primarily in group process; or both. The small group preceptor will confer with the module coordinator on an individual basis to outline a plan for the students to correct these deficiencies. Ordinarily this work should be accomplished within two weeks of the conclusion of the ethics module. If a student fails to correct that deficiency, for example, by failing to write a satisfactory third paper, then they will receive an "N" for the module and an "N" for HM 546. Standard CHM remediation policy applies then. That is, the module would have to be repeated.

Please note that if there appears to be a conflict between stated policy for this module and stated policy for the HM 546/547 course, the course policy will be controlling.

 

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