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Emily Markov and Lauren Everley
  Augmentative and Alternative Communication for Young Children (0-5 years old)

link to presentation page

The community that would benefit from augmentative and alternative communication include those with
 traumatic brain injuries, genetic conditions (ie williams syndrome) , cerebral palsy, autism, and sensory deficits.

Special Characteristics of this Clientele

1) Literacy

little reading and writing ability
2) Speech
often prelingual
3) Vocabulary                   
often limited

Qualifying for AAC and Choosing an AAC Device

Click the pictures below to find out more about qualifying for AAC
and choosing a device

Characteristics Affecting Device Usage
Motor Abilities                                                                
Affects strength, range of motion, mobility, and coordination
Cognitive Abilities

Affects expressive/receptive language and ability to learn new things
Attention Span

Affects length of focus and time that can be allotted to therapy
Medical Needs

Can affect any of the above listed characteristics and more

Speech Generating Devices
Type Description            
No Tech

Does not require a power source
Low Tech                                                                              
Requires a source of power and is very easy to program
Mid Tech

Requires a source of power and requires training to program
High Tech
The most complex, requires a power source and extensive training to program and maintain

Examples of Devices for Children
(click on the pictures for additional information)
Picture Based System Picture Exchange Communication System (PECS)

-Effective for multiple etiologies
-Allows social communication
-Can be used later in life
- Not ideal for low
  attention span
-Communication limited
  to the pictures available                                                
Picture Based System
Dynavox M3

-Messages sorted by context
-Provides visual and auditory  
-Has multiple access methods
-Allows for social
-Has advanced programs for
 the child as he or she grows 
 and changes
- Mid tech, so training is required
-Difficult to obtain
-Must be charged to work (needs 
 power source)
-Messages limited to pictures
Three Dimensional Object
Big Mack

-Actually speaks, so the client
 can hear the words
-Low-tech, easy to program
-Can hook up to other devices
-Ideal for children that need a larger target area
-Only holds one recorded phrase at a time
Wearable Communication System

-has 8 stored messages
-messages easily changed
-conversation starter
-allows kids to communicate quickly in the classroom and at home
- stores a limited number of 
Gestures/ Sign
American Sign Language (ASL)

-easy to learn
-promotes language skills
-many gestures
-allows a way to communicate
- quick and effective

-client must be mobile
-limited vocabulary
-not everyone understands ASL (limits communication)

CSD 823X
Michigan State University
Augmentative and Alternative Communication

Last edited April 15, 2012