St. Patrick's Day Afghan

Block 1 (March 2000): Shamrock Mosaic
Designed by Valerie

Ta da!!! It's only been a week, but it seems longer that we've been "buzzing" about doing the afghan. So, here is the first square.

It is admittedly not "true Aran", but since the idea for the afghan was born on St. Patrick's Day, it seemed fitting that the first square should have shamrocks. The motif of shamrocks comes from Charted Knitting Designs: A Third Treasury of Knitting Patterns by Barbara Walker and can be found on page 211 of that book.

The BASIC CONCEPTS for this square: The body of the square is worked in a technique called mosaic knitting. Mosaic knitting is a color knitting technique that requires you to work with only one yarn at time (YEAH!!!). You work 2 rows in one color, slipping the stitches that are in the contrasting color, then change colors at the beginning of the next right side row. This pattern is worked in garter stitch (knit every row). One shamrock motif is 14 st. wide and 28 rows high....the square is 3.25 shamrocks across and 4 shamrocks high.

Important Points:
- When working on a wrong side row, the yarn must be brought to the side of the work facing you when slipping stitches (this avoids yarn floats on the right side of the work).
- All slipped stitches are slipped as if to purl.
- There is a 5 stitch seed stitch border at the sides of the pattern area, the center 50 stitches are worked in the mosaic pattern.
- The garter stitch plus the slipped stitch of the mosaic pattern result in a shorter row gauge than the seed stitch borders. Therefore, the seed stitch side borders are worked only on the rows where the MC yarn is used....additional short rows of the seed stitch borders are worked at the beginning of rows 7, 8, 15, 16, 23, 24. There is no wrapping of stitches on these short rows.

Materials: Worsted weight yarn (can easily achieve a gauge of 18-20 st. per 4" in stockinette stitch) in MC (main color) and about 80 yds. of a CC (contrast color). Knitting needles to obtain the appropriate gauge. (I am using size 5 needles, but I am a fast and loose knitter....so swatch!)

Gauge: 5 stitches and 9 rows to 1" in seed stitch.

Finished dimensions of square: 12" x 12"

Key:
K = knit
P = purl
sl = slip as if to purl
ytf = yarn to front of work
turn = leave stitches as they are distributed on the left and right needles, turn the work and begin working from left to right needle per usual....almost like a short row, but without the wrapped stitch.
MC = main color (it is also the background color in this square)
CC = contrast color (which shows the shamrock motif)

Seed Stitch (on even number of stitches): Row A: *K1, p1....repeat from * across row. Row B: *P1, k1...repeat from * across row.

Directions: Cast on 60 stitches and begin seed stitch border.

Do 7 rows of seed stitch, then begin pattern stitch as follows:

Row 1: (CC ROW) Slip the first 5 stitches to the right hand needle (the 5 st. seed stitch border), Using the CC (contrasting color yarn), sl1, k1, sl1, k1, *sl1, k1, sl1, k3, sl1, k3, sl1, k1, sl 1, k1* repeat between * 2 more times, sl1, k1, sl1, k1. There are 5 stitches remaining on left hand needle, leave them there and turn work.

Row 2: (CC ROW) k1, ytf sl1, k1, ytf sl1, *k1, ytf sl1, k1, ytf sl1, k3, ytf sl1, k3, ytf sl1, k1, ytf sl1*, repeat between * 2 more times, k1, ytf, sl1, k1, ytf sl1. Drop CC yarn and slip remaining 5 st. to the right hand needle.

Row 3: (MC ROW) Work the first 5 st. in seed st. as established, k4, *k3, sl1, k1, sl1, k8*, repeat between * 2 more times, k3, sl1, work last 5 st. in seed st. as established.

Row 4: (MC ROW) Work the first 5 st. in seed st. as established, ytf sl1, k3, *k8, ytf sl1, k1, ytf sl1, k3*, repeat between * 2 more times, k4, work last 5 st in seed st. as est.

Row 5: (CC ROW) Slip the first 5 stitches to the right hand needle, k2, sl1, k1, *sl1, k5, sl1, k1, sl1, k3, sl1, k1*, repeat between * 2 more times, sl 1, k3, turn work.

Row 6: (CC ROW) K3, ytf sl1, *k1, ytf sl1, k3, ytf sl1, k1, ytf sl1, k5, ytf sl 1*, repeat between * 2 more times, k1, ytf sl1, k2. Drop CC yarn and slip remaining 5 st. to the right hand needle.

Row 7: (MC ROW - short row the seed st border) Seed st. first 5 st. as established, turn work, catch CC yarn with the MC yarn and work 5 st in seed st., turn work again and proceed, k1, sl1, k2, *k1, sl1, k1, sl1, k1, sl1, k3, sl1, k1, sl1, k2*, repeat between * 2 more times, k1, sl1, k1, sl1, work last 5 st. in seed st. as est.

Row 8: (MC ROW - short row the seed st border) Seed st. first 5 st. as established, turn work, work 5 st in seed st., turn work again and proceed, ytf sl1, k1, ytf sl1, k1, *k2, ytf sl1, k1, ytf sl1, k3, ytf sl1, k1, ytf sl1, k1, ytf sl1, k1*, repeat between * 2 more times, k2, ytf sl1, k1, work last 5 st. in seed st. as est.

Row 9: (CC ROW) Slip the first 5 stitches to the right hand needle, K4, *sl1, k5, sl1, k7*, repeat between * 2 more times, sl1, k3, turn.

Row 10: (CC ROW) K3, ytf sl1, *k7, ytf sl1, k5, ytf sl1*, repeat between * 2 more times, k4, Drop CC yarn and slip remaining 5 st. to the right hand needle.

Row 11: (MC ROW) Work first 5st in seed st. as est, k1, sl1, k1, sl1, *k3, sl1, k1, sl1, k1, sl1, k1, sl1, k1, sl1, k1, sl1*, repeat between * 2 more times, k3, sl1, work last 5 st in seed st. as est.

Row 12: (MC ROW) Work first 5st in seed st. as est, ytf sl1, k3, *ytf sl1, k1, ytf sl1, k1, ytf sl1, k1, ytf sl1, k1, ytf sl1, k1, ytf sl1, k3*, repeat between * 2 more times, ytf sl1, k1, ytf sl1, k1, work last 5 st in seed st. as est.

Row 13: (CC ROW) Slip the first 5 stitches to the right hand needle, K4 *sl1, k1, sl1, k11*, repeat between * 2 more times, sl1, k1, sl1, k1, turn.

Row 14: (CC ROW) k1, ytf sl1, k1, ytf sl1, *k11, ytf sl1, k1, ytf sl1*, repeat between * 2 more times, k4. Drop CC yarn and slip remaining 5 st. to the right hand needle.

Row 15: (MC ROW - short row the seed st border) Seed st. first 5 st. as established, turn work, catch CC yarn with the MC yarn and work 5 st in seed st., turn work again and proceed, K4, *k5, sl1, k1, sl1, k6*, repeat between * 2 more times, k4, work remaining 5 st. in seed st. as est.

Row 16: (MC ROW - short row the seed st border) Seed st. first 5 st. as established, turn work, work 5 st in seed st., turn work again and proceed, k4, *k6, ytf sl1, k1, ytf sl1, k5*, repeat between * 2 more times, k4, work last 5st in seed st as est.

Row 17: (CC ROW) Slip the first 5 stitches to the right hand needle, sl1, k1, sl1 , k1, *k10, sl1, k1, sl1, k1*, repeat between * 2 more times, k4, turn.

Row 18: (CC ROW) k4, *k1, ytf sl1, k1, ytf sl1, k10*, repeat between * 2 more times, k1, ytf sl1, k1 ytf sl1. Drop CC yarn and slip remaining 5 st. to the right hand needle.

Row 19: (MC ROW) Work 5st in seed st. as est, k3, sl1, *k1, sl1, k1, sl1, k1, sl1, k1, sl1, k1, sl1, k3, sl1*, repeat between * 2 more times, k1, sl1, k1, sl1, work last 5 st. in seed st. as est.

Row 20: (MC ROW) Work 5st in seed st. as est, ytf sl1, k1, ytf sl1, k1 *ytf sl1, k3, ytf sl1, k1, ytf sl1, k1, ytf sl1, k1, ytf sl1, k1, ytf sl1, k1*, repeat between * 2 more times, ytf sl1, k3, work remaining 5st in seed st as est.

Row 21: (CC ROW) Slip the first 5 stitches to the right hand needle, k2, sl1, k1, *k6, sl1, k5, sl1, k1*, repeat between * 2 more times, k4, turn.

Row 22: (CC ROW) k4, *k1, ytf sl1, k5, ytf sl1, k6*, repeat between * 2 more times, k1, ytf sl1, k2. Drop CC yarn and slip remaining 5 st. to the right hand needle.

Row 23: (MC ROW - short row the seed st border) Seed st. first 5 st. as established, turn work, catch CC yarn with the MC yarn and work 5 st in seed st., turn work again and proceed, k1, sl1, k2, *k1, sl1, k1, sl1, k3, sl1, k1, sl1, k1, sl1, k2*, repeat between * 2 more times, k1, sl1, k1, sl1, work last 5st in seed st as est.

Row 24: (MC ROW - short row the seed st border) Seed st. first 5 st. as established, turn work, work 5 st in seed st., turn work again and proceed, ytf sl1, k1, ytf sl1, k1, *k2, ytf sl1, k1, ytf sl1, k1, ytf sl1, k3, ytf sl1, k1, ytf sl1, k1*, repeat between * 2 more times, k2, ytf sl1, k1, work remaining 5st in seed st as est.

Row 25: (CC ROW) Slip the first 5 stitches to the right hand needle, k2, sl1, k1, *sl1, k3, sl1, k1, sl1, k5, sl1, k1*, repeat between * 2 more times, sl1, k3, turn.

Row 26: (CC ROW) K3, ytf sl 1,*K1, ytf sl 1, K5, ytf sl 1, K1, ytf sl 1, K3, ytf sl 1* repeat between * 2 more times, k1, ytf sl1, k2. Drop CC yarn and slip remaining 5 st. to the right hand needle.

Row 27: (MC ROW) Work 5st in seed st as est, k4, *k7, sl1, k1, sl1, k4*, repeat between * 2 more times, k4, work last 5 st in seed st as est.

Row 28: (MC ROW) Work 5st in seed st as est, k4, *k4, ytf sl1, k1, ytf sl1, k7*, repeat between * 2 more times, k4, work 5st in seed st.

Repeat the above 28 rows 3 more times (a total of 4 repeats). Once you have finished the 4th repeat of the 28 row pattern repeat, knit rows 1 & 2 of the pattern with CC to complete the top edge of the shamrock. Cut the CC yarn, leaving an adequate tail to darn in. Finish the square by working 7 rows in seed st. across all 60 stitches in MC. Bind off.

Patterns in this afghan may be used by individuals for personal use and charity knitting only. It can be distributed to and shared with others as long as it remains fully intact, including this copyright notice. It may not be sold, used to produce items for sale, or used in a compilation or archive of any kind without the expressed written permission of the designer. All rights are expressly reserved by the designer. 

Back to main St. Patrick's Day Afghan page