Studies Testing for a relationship between the presence of a Retraining Order and the Level of Subsequent Recidivism

Created on January 1 2013


For summary of RO studies reported in this page see: Maxwell, C. D., & Robinson, A. (2013). Can Interventions Reduce Recidivism and Revictimization Following Adult Intimate Partner Violence Incidents? In Board on Global Health - Board on Children - Youth and Families (Ed.), Evidence for Violence Prevention Across the Lifespan and Around the World-A Workshop, Forum on Global Violence Prevention, Institute of Medicine. The Keck Center, Washington, DC, USA: National Academy of Sciences.


Albright, D., Broidy, L., Wadsworth, T., & Denman, K. (2008). Deterring Domestic Violence: Evaluating the Effectiveness of Arrest and Protective Orders. Albuquerque, New Mexico: New Mexico Statistical Analysis Center, Institute for Social Research, University of New Mexico.

Berk, R. A., Berk, S. F., Loseke, D. R., & Rauma, D. (1983). Mutual combat and other family violence myths. In D. Finkelhor, R. J. Gelles, G. T. Hotaling & M. A. Straus (Eds.), The Dark Side of Families: Current Family Violence Research (pp. 197-212). Newbury Park, Calf: Sage Publications.

Carlson, M. J., Harris, S. D., & Holden, G. W. (1999). Protective orders and domestic violence: Risk factors for re-abuse. Journal of Family Violence, 14(2), 205-226.

Grau, J., Fagan, J. A., & Wexler, S. (1985). Restraining orders for battered women: issues of access and efficacy. Women and Politics, 4(3), 13-28.

Harrell, A. V., & Smith, B. E. (1996). Effects of restraining orders on domestic violence victims. In E. S. Buzawa & C. G. Buzawa (Eds.), Do Arrests and Restraining Orders Work? (pp. 213-242). Thousand Oaks, Calif.: Sage Publications.

Holt, V. L., Kernic, M. A., Wolf, M. E., & Rivara, F. P. (2003). Do protection orders affect the likelihood of future partner violence and injury. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 24(1), 16-21.

Holt, V. L., Kernie, M. A., Lumley, T., Wolf, M. E., Rivara, & P., F. (2002). Civil protection orders and risk of subsequent police-reported violence. Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA), 288(5), 589-594.

Horton, A., Simonidis, K., & Simonidis, L. (1987). Legal remedies for spousal abuse: Victim characteristics, expectations, and satisfaction. Journal of Family Violence, 2(3), 265-279.

Issac, N. C., Cochran, D., Brown, M., & Adams, S. L. (1994). Men who batter: Profile from a restraining order database. Archives of Family Medicine, 3(1), 50-54.

Jordan, C. E., Pritchard, A. J., Duckett, D., & Charnigo, R. (2010). Criminal offending among respondents to protective orders: Crime types and patterns that predict victim risk. Violence Against Women, 16(12), 1396-1411.

Kaci, J. H. (1992). A study of protective orders issued under California's Domestic Violence Prevention Act. Criminal Justice Review, 17(1), 61-76.

Kaci, J. H. (1994). Aftermath of seeking domestic violence protective orders: The victim's perspective. Journal of Contemporary Criminal Justice, 10(3), 204-219.

Keilitz, S. L., Hannaford, P. L., & Efkeman, H. S. (1997). Civil Protection Orders: The Benefits and Limitations for Victims of Domestic Violence. Williamsburg, VA: National Center for State Courts.

Klein, A. R. (1996). Re-abuse in a populiaton of court-restrained male batterers: why restraining orders don't work. In E. S. Buzawa & C. G. Buzawa (Eds.), Do Arrests and Restraining Orders Work? (pp. 192-213). Thousand Oaks, Calif.: Sage Publications.

Kothari, C. L., Rhodes, K. V., Wiley, J. A., Fink, J., Overholt, S., Dichter, M. E., et al. (2012). Protection orders protect against assault and injury: A longitudinal study of police-involved women victims of intimate partner violence. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 27(14), 2845-2868.

Logan, T. K., & Walker, R. (2009). Civil protective order outcomes: Violations and perceptions of effectiveness. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 24(4), 675-692.

Logan, T. K., & Walker, R. (2010). Civil protective order effectiveness: Justice or just a piece of paper? Violence and Victims, 25(3), 332-348.

McFarlane, J., Malecha, A., Gist, J., Watson, K., Batten, E., Hall, I., et al. (2004). Protection orders and intimate partner violence: An 18 month study of 150 Black, Hispanic, and White women. American Journal of Public Health, 94(401), 613-618.

Mears, D. P., Carlson, M. J., Holden, G., & Harries, S. D. (2001). Reducing domestic violence revictimization. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 16(12), 1260-1283.

Mele, M. (2009). The Time Course of Repeat Intimate Partner Violence. Journal of Family Violence, 24(8), 619-624.

Strand, S. (2012). Using a restraining order as a protective risk management strategy to prevent intimate partner violence. Police Practice and Research, 13(3), 254-266.

Trimboli, L., & Bonney, R. (1997). An evaluation of the NSW Apprehended Violence Order Scheme. Sydney: NSW Bureau of Crime Statistics and Research.