wra 415 digital rhetoric


digital rhetoric
 
 
 

all readings available online from our class ANGEL site: angel.msu.edu

WEEK
DAY
TOPIC
  READINGS DUE
           
10 M 10/30  digital culture jamming  

REQUIRED

  • John Perry Barlow, “A Declaration of the Independence of Cyberspace”
  • David Scheck, Andrew L. Shapiro, and Steven Johnson, “Technorealism. Get Real! A Manifesto from a New Generation of Cultural Critics”
  • Negativland, “Changing Copyright”
  • Negativland, "Negativland's Tenets of Free Appropriation"
  • metac0m, “What is Hacktivism? 2.0”
  • John Whalen, “The Mayhem is the Message”
  • Tracey Logan, “File-sharing to Bypass Censorship”

RECOMMENDED

  • Brian Still, “Hacking for a Cause”
  • Sandor Vegh, "Hacktivists or Cyberterrorists? The Changing Media Discourse on Hacking"
         
10 W 11/1     

NO READINGS (everything pushed down a day)

           
11 M 11/6 

digital identities, part 1: general

 

 

 

REQUIRED

  • Ju Gosling, “My Not-so-secret Life as a Cyborg”
  • Karla Ptacek and Helen Varley Jamieson, “Writing 4 Cyberformance”
  • Lisa Nakamura, Introduction to Cybertypes: Race, Ethnicity, and Identity on the Internet
  • Allucquère Roseanne Stone, “Introduction: Sex, Death and Machinery, or How I Fell in Love with my Prosthesis”

RECOMMENDED

  • Angus Leech and Sylvie Parent, "The Stage is Everywhere: A Multimedia Musing about Distributed Online Performance"
  • Lisa Nakamura, “Cybertyping and the Work of Race in the Age of Digital Reproduction”
  • Barclay Barrios, “Of Flags: Online Queer Identities, Writing Classrooms, and Action Horizons”
         
11 W 11/8 

digital identities, part 2: gender

 

 

 

REQUIRED

  • Ellie Gibson, "Lady Gamers Get Voice Changer"
  • GDC Q&A: "Women's Advocate, Industry Hero, Sheri Graner Ray"
  • Richard Cobbett, "Writing A ‘Girls In Games’ Article"
  • "Graphics, Visualization, and Usability Center General Survey Results Graphs"
  • "Gender Gap Alive and Well Online"
  • Laura L. Sullivan, " Cyberbabes: (Self-) Representation of Women and the Virtual Male Gaze"

RECOMMENDED

  • Kristine Blair and Pamela Takayoshi, "Introduction: Mapping the Terrain of Feminist Cyberscapes"
  • Pamela Takayoshi, "Complicated Women: Examining Methodologies for Understanding the Uses of Technology"
  • Linda Leung, ”Where Am I and Who Are ‘We’?: Self-representation and the Intersection of Gender and Ethnicity on the Web”
  • Colleen Reilly, “Sexualities and Technologies: How Vibrators Help to Explain Computers”

       
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12 M 11/13 

digital identities, part 3: online communities

 

 

REQUIRED

  • John Perry Barlow, "Is There a There in Cyberspace?"
  • Julian Dibbell, “A Rape in Cyberspace”
  • netgrrrl and chicoboy26, " What Am I Bid?: Reading, Writing and Ratings at eBay.com"

RECOMMENDED

  • Constance Steinkuehler and Dimitri Williams, “Where Everybody Knows Your (Screen) Name: Online Games as "Third Places"
  • Kacper Poblocki, “The Napster Network Community”
  • Henry Jenkins, "National Politics within Virtual Game Worlds: The Case of China"
         
12 W 11/15 

digital visual rhetorics: general

 

 

 

REQUIRED

  • "Visual Rhetoric and Strategies of Persuasion"
  • Meredith Badger, “Visual Blogs”
  • Misadventures of Dick and Jane
  • Jim Andrews, "On Lionel Kearns"

RECOMMENDED

  • Carolyn Handa, Introduction to Visual Rhetoric in a Digital World
  • Mary E. Hocks, "Understanding Visual Rhetoric in Digital Writing Environments"
  • Craig Stroupe, “Visualizing English: Recognizing the Hybrid Literacy of Visual and Verbal Authorship on the Web”
  • Anne Wysocki, “The Multiple Media of Texts: How Onscreen and Paper Texts Incorporate Words, Images, and Other Media”

   
       
13 M 11/20 

digital visual rhetorics: interfaces

 

 

REQUIRED

  • Don’t Click It
  • Christina Wodtke, "Eat Me, Drink Me, Push Me: In Which the Subtle Arts of the Interface are Examined"
  • Alistair Dabbs, “Interface Structure”

RECOMMENDED

  • Selfe and Selfe, “The Politics of the Interface: Power and its Exercise in Electronic Contact Zones"
  • Wysocki and Jasken, “What Should be an Unforgettable Face"
  • Patricia Sullivan, “Practicing Safe Visual Rhetoric on the World Wide Web"
  • Leah M. Reeves et al., "Guidelines for Multimodal User Interface Design"

         
13 W 11/22 

exploring new media, part 1: general

 

 

REQUIRED

  • "Opening the Space"
  • Scott McCloud, "Follow that Trail"
  • Daniel Anderson, “Prosumer Approaches to New Media Composition: Consumption and Production in Continuum”

RECOMMENDED

  • Anne Frances Wysocki, “Opening New Media to Writing: Openings & Justifications”
  • Madeline Sorapure, Madeline, “Five Principles of New Media: Or, Playing Lev Manovich”
  • Jay David Bolter and Richard Grusin, “Introduction: The Double Logic of Remediation”
  • Mark Zeltner, “New Media and the Slow Death of the Written Word”
 
         
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14 M 11/27 

exploring new media, part 2: creating new media

 

 

REQUIRED

  • Web Style Guide, Chapter 8: Multimedia
  • Jakob Nielsen, “Flash: 99% Bad”
  • Flash: 99% Good, “The Future of Flash”

RECOMMENDED

  • Cheryl Ball, “Show, Not Tell: The Value of New Media Scholarship”
  • Anne Wysocki, “awaywithwords: On the Possibilities in Unavailable Designs”
         
14 W 11/29  cyborg bodies, biotech bodies  

REQUIRED

  • Charles Mann, “New and Improved! A User's Guide to Your Genetically Modified Future”
  • Stelarc
  • CyborgMommy
  • Kevin Warwick, “Cyborg Morals, Cyborg Values, Cyborg Ethics”
  • Celebrity Cyborgs
  • Cyborg Name Decoder

RECOMMENDED

  • Donna Haraway, “A Cyborg Manifesto: Science, Technology, and Socialist-feminism in the Late Twentieth Century”
  • Michelle Sidler, “The Not-so-distant Future: Composition Studies in the Culture of Biotechnology”
  • Danielle Nicole DeVoss, “re-reading cyborg(?) women: The Visual Rhetoric of Images of Cyborg (and Cyber) Bodies on the World-Wide Web”
  • Bruce Grenville, “The Uncanny: Experiments in Cyborg Culture”
           
15 M 12/4 the futures of digital technologies and digital rhetorics  

REQUIRED

  • "The 10 Coolest Technologies You've Never Heard Of"
  • "Visions of the 21st Century"
  • Bill Joy, "Why the Future Doesn't Need Us"
  • Bruce Sterling, “Dumbing Down Smart Objects"
  • Found: Artifacts from the future, from Wired Magazine
         
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1 M 8/28     N/A
         
1 W 8/30  defining digital; defining rhetoric  

REQUIRED

  • Elizabeth Losh, “Digital Rhetoric: Genres, Disciplines, and Trends”
  • "Digital Rhetoric" (program transcript)
  • Bill Gates, “Everyone, Anytime, Anywhere”
  • Jay David Bolter, “Introduction: Writing in the Late Age of Print”

RECOMMENDED

  • Kathleen Welch, “Electrifying Classical Rhetoric: Ancient Media, Modern Technology, and Contemporary Criticism"
  • Carolyn Handa, "Letter from the Guest Editor: Digital Rhetoric, Digital Literacy, Computers, and Composition"
  • James Zappen, “Digital Rhetoric: Toward an Integrated Theory”
         
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2 M 9/4  N/A   N/A
         
2 W 9/6  exploring the history of the internet  

REQUIRED

  • Bruce Sterling, “A Short History of the Internet”
  • Anthony Anderberg, “History of the Internet and Web”
  • Stuart Moulthrop, “A Subjective Chronology of Cybertext, Hypertext, and Electronic Writing"
  • Pew Internet and American Life, "Internet: The Mainstreaming of Online Life"
  • John Battelle, "The Birth of Google"

RECOMMENDED

  • Pew Internet and American Life, “America's Online Pursuits: The Changing Picture of Who's Online” (pages 1-9)
  • Billie Walhstrom and Chris Scruton, “Constructing Texts/Understanding Texts: Lessons from Antiquity and the Middle Ages”
         
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3 M 9/11 doing digital research; searching the web  

REQUIRED

  • Mary Sellen, “Information Literacy in the General Education: A New Requirement for the 21st Century”
  • Adam Penenberg, “Searching for The New York Times”
  • United States of America Federal Trade Commission, “Re: Commercial alert complaint requesting investigation of various Internet search engine companies for paid placement and paid inclusion programs”
  • Danny Sullivan, “Buying Your Way In: Search Engine Advertising Chart”

RECOMMENDED

  • Madeleine Sorapure, Pamela Inglesby, and George Yatchisin, “Web Literacy: Challenges and Opportunities for Research in a New Medium”
  • Nicholas Burbles, “Rhetorics of the Web: Hyperreading and Critical Literacy”
  • Michelle Sidler, “Web Research and Genres in Online Databases: When the Glossy Page Disappears”
         
3 W 9/13  investigating digital literacies, part 1: information literacy  

REQUIRED

  • Laura J. Gurak, “Cyberliteracy: Toward a New Internet Consciousness”
  • "Digital Literacy Checklist"
  • Association of College and Research Libraries, "Information Literacy Competency Standards for Higher Education"
  • Johndan Johnson-Eilola, “Living on the Surface: Learning in the Age of Global Communication Networks”

RECOMMENDED

  • Bonnie Nardi and Vicki L. O’Day, “A Matter of Metaphor: Technology as Tool, Text, System, Ecology”
  • Lester Faigley, “Literacy After the Revolution”
  • Christina Haas, “On the Relationship between Old and New Technologies”
 
       
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4 M 9/18  investigating digital literacies, part 2: reading and writing in digital spaces  

REQUIRED

  • Jim Porter, “Why Technology Matters to Writing: A Cyberwriter’s Tale” (PDF)
  • Crawford Kilian, ““Effective Web Writing”
  • Constance J. Petersen, “Writing for a Web Audience”
  • Geoff Hart, “Content, Structure, and Relevance: The Ploy's the Thing”
  • Scott Berkun, “The Role of Flow in Web Design”
  • Scott McCloud, "10 Suggestions for First-Time WebComics Artists"

RECOMMENDED

  • Web Style Guide, Chapter 6: “Editorial Style”
  • Todd Taylor and Irene Ward, Introduction to Literacy Theory in the Age of the Internet
  • Ilana Snyder, Introduction to From Page to Screen: Taking Literacy into the Electronic Era
         
4 W 9/20  investigating digital literacies, part 3: dynamics of print and digital publishing  

REQUIRED

  • Scott McCloud, "I Can't Stop Thinking"
  • Chip Scanlan, “The Web and the Future of Writing”
  • James R. Kalmbach, “Publishing Before Computers”
  • John Dujay, “Will ‘E-books’ Make Paper Ones Obsolete?”
  • Pew Internet and American Life Project, “Content Creation Online”

RECOMMENDED

  • Mark Zeltner, “New Media and the Slow Death of the Written Word”
  • Scott Lloyd DeWitt, “The Current Nature of Hypertext Research in Computers and Composition Studies: An Historical Perspective”
  • Johndan Johnson-Eilola and Amy C. Kimme Hea, “After Hypertext: Other Ideas”
   
     
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5 M 9/25  investigating digital literacies, part 4: blogs  

REQUIRED

  • Laura Gurak, Smiljana Antonijevic, Laurie Johnson, Clancy Ratliff, and Jessica Reyman, "Introduction: Weblogs, Rhetoric, Community, and Culture"
  • Kevin Kelly, "We Are the Web"
  • John Hockenberry, “The Blogs of War”
  • "Online Weblog Leads to Firing"
  • "How Not to Get Fired Because of Your Blog"

RECOMMENDED

  • Matthew D. Barton, “The Future of Rational-critical Debate in Online Public Spheres”
  • David Huffaker, "The Educated Blogger: Using Weblogs to Promote Literacy in the Classroom"
         
5 W 9/27  investigating digital literacies, part 5: social networking  

REQUIRED

  • Daily Show: Martin, "Trendspotting: Social Networking"
  • Albert-László Barabási, "The Physics of the Web"
  • Chad Lowe, Alida Pask, and John Vickery, "The Small-World Problem: Six Degrees, Friendster, Mr. Micawber and Kevin Bacon"
  • Molly Wood, "Five Reasons Social Networking Doesn't Work"
  • "School Crackdown on MySpace"
  • Barry Levine, "Bill to Ban Social Sites in Schools Moves to Senate"

RECOMMENDED

  • danah boyd and Jeffrey Heer, “Profiles as Conversation: Networked Identity Performance on Friendster"
  • Bonnie A. Nardi, Steve Whittaker, and Heinrich Schwarz, "It's Not What You Know, It's Who You Know: Work in the Information Age"
         
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6 M 10/2  investigating digital literacies, part 6: video games  

REQUIRED

  • Clive Thompson, “Game Theories”
  • John Seely Brown and Douglas Thomas, "You Play World of Warcraft? You're Hired!"
  • "Daily Show on Violent Video Games"
  • Entertainment Software Rating Board, "Game Rating and Descriptor Guide"
  • Stephen Colbert interviews Steven Johnson
  • James Paul Gee, Introduction to What Video Games have to Teach Us about Learning and Literac
  • James Paul Gee, Conclusion to What Video Games have to Teach Us about Learning and Literacy

RECOMMENDED

  • Laurie Taylor, "When Seams Fall Apart: Video Game Space and the Player"
  • Viviane Gal, Cécile Le Prado, Stéphane Natkin, and Liliana Vega, "Writing for Video Games"
         
6 W 10/4  access and divides, part 1: race, class, economies  

REQUIRED

  • Cathy Camper, “A Note from the Future”
  • Wikipedia: Digital Divide
  • “Perspectives on the Digital Divide”
  • Pew Internet and American Life, "Who's Not Online"
  • Howard Besser, “The Next Digital Divide”
  • Anthony Walton, “Technology Versus African-Americans”
RECOMMENDED
  • Jonathan Sterne, “The Computer Race Goes to Class: How Computers in Schools Helped Shape the Racial Topography of the Internet”
  • Jeffrey T. Grabill, “Utopic Visions, the Technopoor, and Public Access: Writing Technologies in a Community Literacy Program”
  • “Spanning the Digital Divide: Understanding and Tackling the Issues--2. International and Domestic Digital Divides”
  • National Telecommunications Information Administration
    “Falling Through the Net: A Survey of the Have Nots in Rural and Urban America” (1995)
  • National Telecommunications Information Administration
    “Falling Through the Net II: New Data on the Digital Divide” (1998)
  • National Telecommunications Information Administration
    “Falling Through the Net: Defining the Digital Divide” (1999)
  • National Telecommunications Information Administration
    “Falling Through the Net: Toward Digital Inclusion” (2000)
  • National Telecommunications Information Administration
    “A Nation Online: How Americans are Expanding Their Use of the Internet” (2002)
  • National Telecommunications Information Administration
    “A Nation Online: Entering the Broadband Age” (2004)
         
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7 M 10/9  access and divides, part 2: dis/abilities, usability  

REQUIRED

  • “Disability Statistics and Facts”
  • W3C, “Scenarios of People with Disabilities Using the Web”
  • WebAIM, “Introduction to Web Accessibility”
  • U.S. Department of Health and Human Services,
    Research-Based Web Design and Usability Guidelines, Chapter 3: "Accessibility"

RECOMMENDED

  • John Slatin, “The Art of ALT: Toward a More Accessible Web”
  • Donald E. Zimmerman, Michel Lynn Muraski, and Michael D. Slater, ”Taking Usability Testing to the Field”
  • Christi-Anne Postava-Davignon, Candice Kamachi, Gregory Kushmerek, et al., “Incorporating Usability Testing into the Documentation Process”
         
7 W 10/11  N/A  

N/A

   
     
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8 M 10/16  internet economies, part 1: dot com and dot bomb  

REQUIRED

  • Philip Elmer-DeWitt, John Heilemann, and David S. Jackson, “The Great Web Wipeout”
  • Troy Wolverton, “Pets.com Latest High-profile Dot-com Disaster”
  • Joseph D’Hippolito, “Dot Bomb”
  • Museum of E-Failure

RECOMMENDED

  • Peter Fingar, Harsha Kumar, and Tarun Sharma, "21st Century Markets: From Places to Spaces"
  • Marcia J. Bates, "After the Dot–bomb: Getting Web Information Retrieval Right This Time"
         
8 W 10/18  internet economies, part 2: virtual economies  

REQUIRED

  • Clive Thompson, "EverQuest: 77th Richest Country"
  • David Barboza, "Boring Game? Hire a Player"
  • David Barboza, “Ogre to Slay? Outsource It to Chinese”
  • James Lee, "From Sweatshops to Stateside Corporations, Some People are Profiting Off of MMO Gold"

RECOMMENDED

  • Edward Castronova, "On Virtual Economies"
 
         
9 M 10/23  dynamics of digital ownership, part 1: intro to intellectual property  

REQUIRED

  • “Crash Course in Copyright”
  • Keith Aoki, James Boyle, and Jennifer Jenkins, "Bound by Law? Tales from the Public Domain"

RECOMMENDED

  • Karla Saari Kitalong, "A Web of Symbolic Violence"
  • Tharon Howard, "Who 'Owns' Electronic Texts?"
  • Lawrence Lessig, "The Internet Under Seige"
  • World Intellectual Property Organization, "COPYRIGHT"
         
9 W 10/25  dynamics of digital ownership, part 2: remix culture  

REQUIRED

  • Bernard Schütze, "Samples from the Heap: Notes on Recycling the Detritus of a Remixed Culture"
  • Lawrence Lessig, "Who Owns Culture?"
  • William Gibson, “God’s Little Toys: Confessions of a Cut and Paste Artist”
  • MSMDX (Media Streams Metadata Exchange), "Overview"

RECOMMENDED

  • Anne-Marie Boisvert, “On Bricolage: Assembling Culture with Whatever Comes to Hand”
  • Dmitri Siegel, "Designing Our Own Graves"
  • Lev Manovich, “Who is the Author? Sampling / Remixing / Open Source”
  • Dànielle Nicole DeVoss and Jim Porter, “Why Napster Matters to Writing: Filesharing as a New Ethic of Digital Delivery”
  • William McGeveran and William W. Fisher, “Digital Learning Challenge: Obstacles to Educational Uses of Copyrighted Material in the Digital Age”

   
     
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dànielle nicole devoss | devossda@msu.edu
 
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