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Scholarly journal articles and essays contributed to scholarly volumes are listed here in alphabetical order by the author's last name. Bibliographic information about each item is provided. Keywords related to the item's coverage of Knight's work are provided in brackets after the bibliographic information to assist researchers with searches of the list.

The list of articles and essays is updated approximately 6 times per year, using EconLit and other electronic databases available through the Michigan State University Library system. Users of this list are welcome to contribute sources I may have missed. Please email me at the contact email provided on my website.

  • Asso, P.F., and L. Fiorito. 2003. “Waging War Against Mechanical Man: The Knight-Copeland Controversy Over Behaviorism in Economics.” Research in the History of Economic Thought and Methodology 21-A: 65-104. [behaviorism; economic methodology; philosophy; institutionalism]
  • Asso, P.F., and L. Fiorito. 2003. “Sulla Riflessione Epistemoligica in Economia Negli Anni Venti: Una Lettera Inedita di Frank Knight a Jacob Viner.” Studi e Note di Economia 2: 63-70. [Viner]
  • Barzel, Y. 1987. “Knight's 'Moral Hazard' Theory of Organization.” Economic Inquiry 25.1: 117-20. [industrial organization]
  • Bewley, T.F. 1998 [1988]. “Knightian Uncertainty.” In Frontiers of Research in Economic Theory: The Nancy L. Schwartz Memorial Lectures, 1983-1997. Ed. D.P. Jacobs, E. Kalai and M.I. Kamien, 71-81. Econometric Society Monographs, no. 29. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. [uncertainty]
  • Bewley, T.F. 1988. “Knightian Decision Theory and Econometric Inference.” Cowles Foundation, Yale University. Cowles Foundation Discussion Paper No. 868 (March). [uncertainty]
  • Bewley, T.F. 1986. “Knightian Decision Theory: Part I.” Cowles Foundation, Yale University. Cowles Foundation Discussion Paper No. 807 (November). [uncertainty]
  • Boettke, P. and K. Vaughn. 2002. Knight and the Austrians on Capital, and the Problem of Socialism." History of Political Economy 34.1: 155-76. [capital; Hayek; socialism]
  • Boyd, R. 1997. “Frank H Knight and Ethical Pluralism.” Critical Review 11.4: 519-36. [ethics]
  • Breit, W. and R. Ransom. 1971. “Frank H Knight -- Philosopher of the Counter-Revolution in Economics.” In The Academic Scribblers, revised edition, 193-204. Chicago: Dryden Press.
  • Brouwer, M.T. 2003. “Weber, Schumpeter and Knight on Entrepreneurship and Economic Development.” In Change, Transformation and Development, edited by J.S. Metcalfe and U. Cantner, 145-67. Heidelberg: Physica-Verlag. [entrepreneur]
  • Buechner, M.N. 1976. “Frank Knight on Capital as the Only Factor of Production.” Journal of Economic Issues 10.3: 598-617. [capital; economic theory]
  • Ciepley, D. 2004. “Authority in the Firm (and the Attempt to Theorize It Away).” Critical Review 16.1: 81-115. [industrial organization]
  • Cohen, A.J. 2003. "The Hayek/Knight Capital Controversy: The Irrelevance of Roundaboutness, or Purging Processes in Time?" History of Political Economy 35.3: 469-90. [capital; economic theory; Hayek]
  • Cohen, A.J. 1998. "Frank Knight's Position on Capital and Interest." In The Economic Mind in America: Essays in the Hisor of American Economics, edited by Malcolm Rutherford. New York: Routledge. [capital]
  • DeGregori, T.R. 1977. “Ethics and Economic Inquiry: The Ayres-Knight Debate and the Problem of Economic Order.” American Journal of Economics and Sociology 36.1: 41-50. [ethics; methodology; Ayres; institutionalism]
  • Dewey, D. 1990. “Frank Knight before Cornell: Some Light on the Dark Years.” Research in the History of Economic Thought and Methodology 8: 1-38. [biography; religion]
  • Emmett, R.B. 2008. Frank H. Knight’s Criticisms of Henry George. In Henry George: Political Idealogue, Social Philosopher, and Economic Theorist, edited by Laurence S. Moss, 61-66. Studies in Economic Reform and Social Justice. Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell. (American Journal of Economics and Sociology 67.1). [George]
  • Emmett, R.B. 2007. Knight’s Challenge (to Hayek): Spontaneous Order is Not Enough for Governing a Liberal Society. In Liberalism, Conservatism and Hayek's Idea of Spontaneous Order, edited by Peter McNamara and Louis Hunt, 67-86. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.
  • [Hayek; liberalism; democracy; government by discussion]
  • Emmett, R.B. 2006. Frank H. Knight, Max Weber, Chicago Economics, and Institutionalism. Max Weber Studies, Weber and Economics: Beiheft 1, 101-19. [Weber; Chicago; institutionalism]
  • Emmett, R.B. 2006. De Gustibus Est Disputandum: Frank H. Knight's Response to George Stigler and Gary Becker's ‘De Gustibus Non Est Disputandum’.” Journal of Economic Methodology 13.1 (March): 97-111.
  • [de gustibus, religion, economic methodology, Chicago]
  • Emmett, R.B. 1999. “The Economist and the Entrepreneur: Modernist Impulses in Frank H. Knight’s Risk, Uncertainty and Profit.” History of Political Economy 31 (Spring): 29-52. [uncertainty; risk; entrepreneur; methodology]
  • Emmett, R.B. 1998. “Frank Knight’s dissent from progressive social science.” In Economics and Its Discontents: Twentieth Century Dissenting Economists, edited by S. Pressman and R. Holt, 153-64. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar. [dissent; methodology]
  • Emmett, R.B. 1997. “‘What is Truth’ in Capital Theory?: Five Stories Relevant to the Evaluation of Frank Knight's Contribution to the Capital Controversy.” In New Economics and Its History, annual supplement to History of Political Economy, volume 29, edited by J.B. Davis, 231-50. Durham: Duke University Press. [capital theory; institutionalism]
  • Emmett, R.B. 1994. “Frank Knight: Economics vs. Religion.” In Economics and Religion, ed. H.G. Brennan and A.M.C. Waterman, 103-20. Recent Economic Thought. Kluwer Academic Press. [religion; ethics]
  • Emmett, R.B. 1994. “Maximizers vs. Good Sports: Frank Knight’s Curious Understanding of Exchange Behaviour.” In Higgling: Transactors and their Markets in the History of Economics, annual supplement to History of Political Economy, volume 26, edited by N. De Marchi and M.S. Morgan, 276-92. Durham: Duke University Press. [economic psychology]
  • Emmett, R.B. 1992. “Frank H. Knight on the Conflict of Values in Economic Life.” Research in the History of Economic Thought and Methodology 9: 87-103. [ethics; social philosophy]
  • Epstein, L.G. and J. Miao. 2001. A Two-Person Dynamic Equilibrium under Ambiguity. Rochester Center for Economic Research, Working Paper no. 478. [uncertainty]
  • Farrant, A. 2004. "Frank Knight, Worst-Case Theorizing, and Economic Planning: Socialism as Monopoly Politics." History of Political Economy 36.3: 497-504. [socialism; planning; Hayek]
  • Fiorito, L. 2003. "John Maurice Clark and Frank H. Knight on Marginal Productivity Theory: A Note with Some Unpublished Correspondence." Research in the History of Economic Thought and Methodology 21-A: 49-64. [J.M. Clark; economic theory]
  • Fontaine, P. 1999. "Classical Political Economy between Two Fires: Jean-Baptiste Say and Frank H Knight on the Enterprise Economy." History of Political Economy 31.1: 1-27. [entrepreneur]
  • Franz, R. 2005. "Knight on Intuition, Risk, and Uncertainty. In Two minds: Intuition and analysis in the history of economic thought. New York: Springer. [intuition; economic methodology; uncertainty]
  • Gonce, R.A. 1996. “F. H. Knight on Social Philosophy and Economy Theory: The Beginnings.” Research in the History of Economic Thought and Methodology 14: 1-21. [biography; religion; Kershner; social philosophy]
  • Gonce, R.A. 1992. "F. H. Knight on Capitalism and Freedom." Journal of Economic Issues 26.3: 813-44. [social philosophy]
  • Gonce, R.A. 1972. "Frank H Knight on Social Control and the Scope and Method of Economics." Southern Economic Journal 38.4: 547-58. [methodology]
  • Gordon, S. 1974. "Frank Knight and the Tradition of Liberalism." Journal of Political Economy 82.3: 571-77. [social philosophy]
  • Gunning, J.P. 1993. "Entrepreneurists and Firmists: Knight vs the Modern Theory of the Firm." Journal of the History of Economic Thought 15.1: 31-53. [firm; entrepreneur]
  • Hammond, J.D. 1991. "Frank Knight's Antipositivism." History of Political Economy 23.3: 355-81. [methodology; positivism]
  • Kasper, S.D. 1993. "Frank Knight's Case for Laissez Faire: The Patrimony of the Social Philosophy of the Chicago School." History of Political Economy 25.3: 413-33. [Chicago School; social philosophy]
  • Kern, W.S. 1997. "The Heterodox Economics of 'the Most Orthodox of Orthodox Economists': Frank H. Knight." American Journal of Economics and Sociology 56.3: 319-31. [social philosophy; economic theory; methodology]
  • Kern, W.S. 1993. "Frank H. Knight: Archetypical Conservative Economist." Modern Age 35.3: 258. [social philosophy]
  • Kern, W.S. 1990. "The End of Scarcity and the Art of Living: The Similar Visions of Knight and Keynes." Research in the History of Economic Thought and Methodology 8: 39-51. [Keynes; social philosophy]
  • Kern, W.S. 1990. "Frank Knight's Skeptical View of Economic Education." Journal of Economic Education 21.2: 195-206.
  • Kern, W.S. 1988. "The Lemon Principle, Democratic Politics, and Frank Knight's First Law of Talk." Public Choice 59.1: 83-87. [economic education; social philosophy]
  • Kern, W.S. 1988. "Frank Knight on Preachers and Economic Policy: A 19th Century Liberal Anti-Religionist, He Thought Religion Should Support the Status Quo." American Journal of Economics and Sociology 47.1: 61-69. [religion; ethics]
  • Kern, W.S. 1987. "Frank Knight's Three Commandments." History of Political Economy 19.4: 639-46.
  • Langlois, R.N., and M.M. Cosgel. 1993. "Frank Knight on Risk, Uncertainty, and the Firm: A New Interpretation." Economic Inquiry 31.3: 456-65. [uncertainty; industrial organization]
  • Marchionatti, R. 2003. "On the Methodological Foundation of Modern Microeconomics: Frank Knight and the 'Cost Controversy' in the 1920s." History of Political Economy 35 (1): 49-75.
  • McCann, C.R., Jr. 2001. The Ethical Domains of Probability and Uncertainty: Review Article. History of Economic Ideas 9.2: 133-39. [ethics; uncertainty]
  • Nash, S.J. 2003. On Pragmatic Philosophy and Knightian Uncertainty.Review of Social Economy 61 (June): 251-72. [pragmatism; uncertainty]
  • Nelson, R.H. 2001. "Frank Knight and Original Sin." Independent Review 6 (Summer): 5-25. [religion; ethics]
  • Nishimura, K.G., and H. Ozaki. 2004. Search and Knightian Uncertainty. Journal of Economic Theory 119.2 (December): 299-333. [uncertainty; risk]
  • Nopenney, C. 1997. Frank Knight and the Historical School. In Methodology of the Social Sciences, Ethics and Economics in the Newer Historical School: From Max Weber and Rickert to Sombart and Rothacker, edited by Peter Koslowski, 319-39. Berlin: Springer. [Weber; Historical School; history; ethics]
  • Pacella, A. 2007. Frank Knight and John Maynard Keynes on Uncertainty, Limited Rationality and Institutional Economics. Storia del Pensiero Economico, new series, 4.1: 69-95. [uncertainty; Keynes; institutionalism; rationality]
  • Plassman, F. and T.N. Tideman. 2004. "Frank Knight's Proposal to End Distinctions among Factors of Production and His Objection to the Single Tax." History of Political Economy 36.3 (Fall): 505-19. [Henry George; factors of production; single tax]
  • Raines, J.P. and C.R. Jung. 1992. Schumpeter and Knight on Economic and Political Rationality: A Comparative Restatement. Journal of Socio-Economics 21.2 (Summer): 109-24. [politics; economic methodology; social philosophy]
  • Raines, J.P. and C.R. Jung. 1990. "The Social Economics of Frank H. Knight." In Perspectives on the history of economic thought, Volume 3: Classicals, Marxians and neo-classicals. Selected papers from the History of Economics Society Conference, 1988, 157-67. [social philosophy; social economics]
  • Raines, J. P. 1989. "Frank H. Knight's Contributions to Social Economics." Review of Social Economy 47.3 (Fall): 280-92. [social philosophy; social economics]
  • Raines, J. P. and C.R. Jung. 1988. "Monopolies as 'Mechanical Defects': Frank H Knight on Market Power." Bulletin of the History of Economics Society 10.2 (Fall): 135-43. [monopoly; competition; economics]
  • Raines, J. P. and C.R. Jung. 1986. "Knight on Religion and Ethics as Agents of Social Change: An Essay to Commemorate the Centennial of Frank H. Knight's Birth." American Journal of Economics and Sociology 45.4 (October): 429-39. [religion; social philosophy; ethics]
  • Reekie, W.D. 2004. "Interpreting Caritas: Did Frank Knight and Ludwig Von Mises Get It Wrong?" Quarterly Journal of Austrian Economics 7.2 (Summer): 47-69. [Mises; Austrians; ethics]
  • Runde, Jochen. 1998. "Clarifying Frank Knight's Discussion of the Meaning of Risk and Uncertainty." Cambridge Journal of Economics 22.5: 539-46.
  • Sally, R. 1997. "The Political Economy of Frank Knight: Classical Liberalism from Chicago." Constitutional Political Economy 8.2: 123-38.
  • Samuels, W.J. 1991. "The Case for Communism: Introduction." Research in the History of Economic Thought and Methodology, Archival Supplement 2: 49-55. [social philosophy]
  • Samuels, W.J. 1977. "The Knight-Ayres Correspondence: The Grounds of Knowledge and Social Action." Journal of Economic Issues 11.3: 485-525. [Ayres; social philosophy; methodology]
  • Santiago Valiente, W. 1980. "Is Frank Knight the Victor in the Controversy between the Two Cambridges?" History of Political Economy 12.1: 41-64. [capital; economic theory]
  • Schweikhardt, D.B. 1988. "The Role of Values in Economic Theory and Policy: A Comparison of Frank Knight and John R Commons." Journal of Economic Issues 22.2: 407-14. [Commons; ethics; social philosophy]
  • Schweitzer, A. 1975. "Frank Knight's Social Economics." History of Political Economy 7.3: 279-92. [social philosophy]
  • Stigler, G.J. 1987. "Frank Hyneman Knight." In The New Palgrave: A Dictionary of Economics, ed. John Eatwell, vol. 3, 55-59. New York: Stockton Press.
  • Tideman, T.N. and F. Plassmann. 2004. “Knight: Nemesis from the Chicago School.” American Journal of Economics & Sociology 63.2 (April Special Edition): 381-409. [Henry George]
  • Tilman, R. 2001. "Frank Knight: Ideological Catalyst in the Libertarian Revival." In Ideology and Utopia in the Social Philosophy of the Libertarian Economists, 1-19. Contributions in Economics and Economic History, Number 223. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press. [libertarianism; social philosophy; economic methodology; social economics]
  • Yu, T.F-L. 2004. "Frank H. Knight's Thought Revisited: Subjectivism, Interpretation and Social Economics." International Journal of Social Economics 31.7-8: 655-66. [Austrians; social philosophy; economic methodology; social economics; subjectivism]
  • Yu, T.F-L. 2002. "The Economics of Frank H Knight: An Austrian Interpretation." Forum for Social Economics 31.2: 1-23. [Austrians]

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    Last updated: 18-Feb-2010