Community, Food and Agriculture: A Survey
ACR 811
Fall 2012
Wednesday, 11:30 to 2:20
Room 223, Natural Resources Building Required Text: Carolan, Michael. 2012. The Sociology of Food and Agriculture. New York: Routledge.
Instructor: Phil Howard
316 Natural Resources
Office Hours: By appointment

Course Description This graduate multi-disciplinary course in the Department of Community, Agriculture, Recreation and Resource Studies (CARRS) examines a range of philosophical, environmental, socio-economic and political issues related to food and farming in the US. This course is designed as the introductory course for CARRS students specializing in the area of Community, Food and Agriculture, as well as others interested in a wide variety of local, national and global food and farming issues.

Key course themes that are addressed from diverse disciplinary and conceptual frameworks include: Sustainability; American agrarianism; the industrialization and corporate control of US food and farming; food and globalization; localized and place-based agriculture; governance of the agrifood system; and, food democracy, security and sovereignty.

Students are expected to draw upon their experiences and backgrounds, to expand their reading in the area of community, food and agriculture, and to explore a specific issue or theme from an intellectually-grounded conceptual framework.

Course Objectives     

provide students with an overview of the literature addressing local, national and global issues in community, food and agriculture
develop an understanding of various conceptual perspectives used to address issues in the area of community, food and agriculture, and
develop a scholarly capacity for analyzing food and farming problems from a multi-disciplinary perspective.

  Course Approach The course is organized as a small seminar with a commitment to developing collaborative learning among all who participate. In the spirit of creating an intellectual community around community, food and agricultural issues, participants are encouraged to share their concerns about the learning environment and to shape our efforts to explore these issues.

Course Assignments Weekly readings/discussion/self-evaluation - 100 points
Critical review of a scholarly book (due Oct. 17) - 100 points
Final group project - 100 points

Sept. 5 - Introduction

Sept. 12 - reading: Carolan, Introduction and Part I

Sept. 19 - reading: Carolan, Part II

Sept. 26 - reading: Carolan, Part III

Oct. 3 - reading: Carolan, Part IV

Oct. 10 - guest Laura DeLind, Anthropology and RCAH
Delind, L.B. 2003. Considerably more than vegetables, a lot less than community: The dilemma of community-supported agriculture. Pp. 192-206 in Fighting for the Farm: Rural America Transformed (Jane Adams, ed.). Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.
DeLind, L.B. 2006. Of bodies, place, and culture: Re-situating local food. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 19: 121-146.
DeLind, L.B. 2011. Are local food and the local food movement taking us where we want to go? Or are we hitching our wagons to the wrong stars? Agriculture and Human Values 28: 273-283.

Oct. 17 - guest Mike Hamm, CARRS
Bellows, A.C & M.W. Hamm. 2001. Local autonomy and sustainable development: Testing import substitution in localizing food systems. Agriculture and Human Values 18: 271-284.
Hamm, M.W. 2008. Linking sustainable agriculture and public health: Opportunities for realizing multiple goals. Journal of Hunger & Environmental Nutrition 3: 169-185.
Hamm, M.W. 2009. Principles for framing a healthy food system. Journal of Hunger & Environmental Nutrition 4: 241-250.

Oct. 24 - guest Diana Stuart, Sociology and Kellogg Biological Station
Stuart, D. 2009. Constrained choice and ethical dilemmas in land management: environmental quality and food safety in California agriculture. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics. 22: 53-71.
Stuart, D. 2011. 'Nature' is not guilty: Foodborne illness and the industrial bagged salad. Sociologia Ruralis 51: 158-174.
Stuart, D. and M. R. Worosz. 2012. Risk, anti-reflexivity, and ethical neutralization in industrial food processing. Agriculture and Human Values 29: 287-301.

Oct. 31 - guest Jim Bingen, CARRS
Barham, E., J. Bingen, S. Lovenworth, P. Kole & R. Mendelson. 2010. American Origin Products (AOPs): Protecting a Legacy. Geneva, Switzerland: oriGIn.
Berard, L. & P. Marchenay. 2008. From Localized Products to Geographical Indications: Awareness and Action. Bourg-en-Bresse, France: Ressources des Terroirs.

Nov. 7 - guest Paul Thompson, CARRS
Thompson, P.B. 2010. Sustainability as resource sufficiency, functional integrity and social stability. In Sustainability Ethics: 5 Questions. Edited by R. Raffaelle, W. Robison & E. Selinger. Automatic Press.
Thompson, P.B. 2012. Is sustainability worth debating? In Debating Science: Deliberation, Values, and the Common Good. Edited by D. Scott & B. Francis. Humanity Books.
Thompson, P.B. 2010. The Agrarian Vision: Sustainability and Environmental Ethics. Chapter 4: The moral significance of the land: A lesson from The Grapes of Wrath. University Press of Kentucky.

Nov. 14 - "guest" Phil Howard
Howard, P.H. Visualizing consolidation in the global seed industry: 1996-2008. Sustainability 1: 1266-1287.
Howard, P.H. Consolidation in the North American organic food processing sector, 1997-2007. International Journal of Sociology of Agriculture and Food 16: 13-30.
Jaffee, D. & Howard, P.H. Corporate cooptation of organic and Fair Trade standards. Agriculture and Human Values 27: 387-399.  

Nov. 28 - guest Carmen Bain, Iowa State University, Dept. of Sociology
Bain, C. 2010. Structurizing the flexible and feminized labor market: GlobalGAP standards for agricultural labor in Chile. Signs: Journal of Women in Culture and Society 35: 343-370.
Bain, C. 2011. Local ownership of ethanol plants: What are the effects on communities? Biomass & Bioenergy 35: 1400-1407.
Ransom, E. & C. Bain. 2011. Gendering agricultural aid. Gender & Society 25: 48-74.

Dec. 5 - Synthesis and final projects

Dec. 12 - 10am to noon, Final Exam due