IIH's Research Partnership with India Yields Important Findings for Controlling Tuberculosis
IIH has established a strong research partnership with TANUVAS (Tamil Nadu Veterinary and Animal Sciences University) in Chennai, India. This partnership has been coordinated by Professor Mohankumar of MSU Veterinary Medicine and is focused on zoonoses and public health issues.
One particular research project is focused on Mycobacterium tuberculosis and Mycobacterium bovis, which are major causes of tuberculosis. Mycobacterium tuberculosis and Mycobacterium bovis are highly pathogenic and infect many animal species and thus are likely to be the source of infection in humans. In a recent collaborative study, we have shown few cow milk samples in the Chennai area to be positive for MTBC PCR and multiplex PCR, which proved to be M. tuberculosis. The sequencing of positive samples revealed that these samples were in close alignment with the M. tuberculosis strain. Naturally, the first contamination of these animals with M. tuberculosis is caused by humans, and then infection occurs between animals, which in turn become the source of infection in humans, thus becoming reverse zoonosis. Together, we have concluded that the control strategies for human tuberculosis caused by M. tuberculosis should include control strategies in animals as well.
MSU research may help stop the transmission of malaria
Exciting research conducted at MSU demonstrates how the transmission of malaria via mosquitoes to humans can be interrupted by using a strain of the bacteria Wolbachia. Wolbachia acts as a vaccine for mosquitoes that protects them from the malaria parasite, effectively preventing mosquitoes from transmitting malaria to humans. Zhiyong Xi, MSU assistant professor of microbiology and genetics, and his team have already successfully demonstrated how Wolbacia can be stably established in a key malaria vector and how insects can spread the bacteria throughout the entire mosquito population. Xi's team has also shown how the bacteria can prevent mosquitoes from transmitting the malaria parasite to humans. For more information, read MSU Today's article, "Using Bacteria to Stop Malaria".
Student accepts Clinton GLobal University Award
Caption: Raeuf in front of the Clinton Global Initiative stage.
The Institute of International Health would like to recognize Raeuf Roshanger, President of the student organization, GH2HG (Generate Help 2 Heal Generations). Raeuf was recently the recipient of the Clinton Global University Award. From more than 10,000 applications, the CGUA chose 1,000 recipients to gather for lectures, workshops, and discussions from different inventors and entrepreneurs. In attendance at the Clinton Global University were President Bill Clinton, Chelsea Clinton, Stephen Colbert, Nobel Prize Laureate, Muhammad Yunus, Jack Dorsey, Founder of Twitter, Matthew Perry from the television show “Friends” and Jada Smith. The Institute of International Health has contributed advisory and financial support to GH2HG to continue to help underserved regions of the world. Congratulations, Raeuf!