THE KINGDOM OF THIS WORLD

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Attar of Roses (page 24)

This is Rose Oil, which is clear but very fragrant. It is produces by steam distillation, and is widely used for perfumes. It takes many pounds of rose petals to distill one ounce of the fragrance, so you can see the value this essential oil holds.

The process of picking the rose is very labor intensive, and has to be done before or at sunrise, before the sun can hit the petal and release the fragrance, so this also drives up the cost of the oil. It also has medicinal purposes, as it can be used for abrasions/cuts, as an aphrodisiac, and for facial and skin care.

The Damask rose (Rosa damascena), Provence rose (Rosa Gallica) and Eglantine (Rosa elganteraia) are the three oldest roses in cultivation and are considered to be the most fragrant roses in the world.

A Damask Rose bloom.

A Damask Rose (Rosa damascene), which is one of the most important sources of Attar of Roses. The other is the Cabbage Rose.

These are the main roses used to make the essential oil. They say that the petals have to be of a deep color to be used in the distillation to make the very best product; this time-honored tradition is still in practice today when making the oil for common perfumes. It was first discovered in 1582 in Persia, at the wedding feast of princess Nour-Djihan with the Emperor Djihanguyr, son of Akbar, when a canal circling the whole garden was dug and filled with rose-water. The bridal pair when rowing on the fragrant water observed the heat of the sun separating the water from the essential oil of the Rose. It was skimmed off and found to be an exquisite perfume. The discovery was immediately turned to account and the manufacture of Otto of Roses was commenced in Persia about 1612 .The first mention of Persian Otto or Attar of Roses is by Kampfer (1683), who alludes to the export to India.

oomfuls of blossoms are distilled to produce minute quantities of precious attar, or rose oil, the most widely used ingredient in the world’s commercial perfumes.
 

Attar of Roses appears in the book was when Ti Noel was looking around the cave that Macandal had been living in since he ran away after losing his arm in the accident in the sugar mill. Ti Noel compared what he saw in the cave to the herbalist’s shop in Le Cap. He stated that the only thing missing from the cave was a “jar of scorpions in alcohol, attar of roses, and a tank of leeches” (30). In other words, Macandal had accumulated a wide array of natural remedies during his rambles about the countryside, and thus his cave was as well stocked as a shop. This shows how far Macandal’s knowledge of herbalism – and poisons – has grown.

For further information, and more pictures, go to:

http://www.saudiaramcoworld.com/issue/200408/the.roses.of.taif-.compilation..htm

http://www.anniesremedy.com/herb_detail50.php

http://www.bukisa.com/articles/26629_15-most-important-plant-sources-of-expensive-perfumes

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rose_oil

 



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