THE KINGDOM OF THIS WORLD

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Columbus (page 1)

Christopher Columbus was an Italian sailor who was famous for discovering the New World on his voyage to try and find a faster water route to Asia from Europe. He was born in Genoa in 1451 and had an interest in the sea and ocean from a very early age. He spent most of his teenage years exploring on the sea and this is where he was able to gain experience for his later voyages across the Atlantic Ocean. Columbus desperately wanted to become famous and powerful and his method for achieving this was to sail across the Atlantic Ocean so that he could find a better trade route to India to open up this part of Asia and its various spices. Below is a portrait of Christopher Columbus.

Portrait of Christopher Columbus

In 1492, in order to try and accomplish this feat Columbus sailed east across the Atlantic. He never did make it to India but he did uncover was a new world that had never been visited by European explorers. This new land is known today as the Caribbean Islands, North America and parts of South America. Columbus’ discovery of this 'new world' proved to be an important one because it paved the way for the discovery of America and, later, the foundation of the American colonies. This discovery made Columbus one of the most famous explorers of his time and gave him the notoriety that he had been seeking. Columbus actually made four different trips to the new world, including the first that he made with the famed Nina, Pinta, and Santa Maria in 1492. Columbus died during his fourth journey to the Americas in November of 1504 and was buried in what is present day Dominican Republic.

The significance of Columbus to the novel “The Kingdom of this World” is Columbus discovery of the Americas. This discovery paved the way for other European nations to claim the Caribbean Islands as their own. Although Columbus is often viewed as a hero for his discovery of the Americas, there are many Native American groups who view his methods as ruthless, and his arrival as the precursor of the genocide of the indigenous population of the New World. Columbus also used some of the people on the islands he 'discovered' as slaves to complete work in the name of Queen Isabella of Spain. This type of practice was similar to the way that slaves were treated by the French when they had control over the island of Haiti. These practices were the reason why the African slaves in Haiti decided to rise up and revolt against the French colonists that had power over them.

For a translation of this page into French, by Valerie Bastiaan, go to:

https://www.autoteileprofi.ch/blog/2017/02/12/363/

For further information, go to:

http://www.biography.com/people/christopher-columbus-9254209

http://exploration.marinersmuseum.org/subject/christopher-columbus/

https://www.britannica.com/biography/Christopher-Columbus

 


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Last updated: 17th May, 2017.