THE KINGDOM OF THIS WORLD

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Haiti

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Moreua De Saint-Mery (page 72)

Mederic Louis Moreau de Saint-Mery was born on January 13, 1750, in Fort Royal, Martinique. The early ancestors of Moreau de Saint-Mery came to Fort Royal in the 1600s and were very well known on the island.  After living on Fort Royal for about twenty years of his life, he decided to go to Paris and study law. While in Paris, he was also part of the royal police force. After three years of studying, Moreau de Saint-Mery became a lawyer. 

Mery.jpg

Next, Moreau de Saint-Mery went to Cap Francais, Saint-Dominigue, where he practiced law, and became a very popular lawyer. Because of this, in 1780, he became an official member of the French Santo Domingo or Superior Council of Saint-Dominigue. Around this time in his life, he became very interested in the French colonies. He started a collection of laws, sought information about the geography of the French colonies, and also looked at their history, and went to every French colony to get this information. 

While in Santo Domingo in 1783, he found the tomb of Christopher Columbus. A lot of the information he found while doing this helped him form his work later in life.  Later, Moreau de Saint-Mery became involved with the government of the French colonies.  He was a representative to parliament for Santo Domingo, and became the deputy for Martinique, and also helped a National Guard chief get elected.  All of the different things he was involved with soon came to an end when he was put in jail for having radical views. 

Right before he was supposed to go to the guillotine, he escaped, and went to the United States and settled in Philadelphia.  Moreau de Saint-Mery set up a book store that allowed him to become an author. He created several works including his most popular one, “Description topographique et politique de la partie Espagnole de File de Saint Domingue”.  Moreau de Saint-Mery died on January 28, 1819, in Paris.

Moreau de Saint-Mery was important during the novel when the Governor, M. Blancheland, is talking with M. Lenormand de Mezy about Vodou.  They bring up Vodou because they are very angry with the black slaves. M. Blancheland wants all slaves killed. While discussing this, they remember the Vodou religion. Specifically, they remember how Moreau de Saint-Mery, a lawyer in Le Cap, studied Vodou and found out a lot of information about it. He discovered some of the practices used and also concluded that the slaves were snake-worshipers. Moreau de Saint-Mery also hints that Vodou might cause a slave revolt in the future. 

For further information, go to:

http://virtualology.com/apmederielouiseliemoreaudesaintmery/

http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~saintdomingue/History%20and%20Genealogy.htm

 

 

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