THE KINGDOM OF THIS WORLD

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Stanislaus de Wimpffen (Page 66)

Alexandre-Stanislas, baron de Wimpffen, was born in Deux-Ponts (Zweibrücken), Germany in 1748.  A captain and explorer, he was stationed in the West Indies and also visited Mexico.  He died in Paris in 1819.  He is known for his work, A Voyage to Saint Domingo, in the Years 1788, 1789, and 1790.  This book gives a history of Hispaniola, including the pre-Columbian years. 

Cover to a copy of de Wimpffen's A Voyage to Saint Domingo

Image source URL: http://www.brown.edu/Facilities/John_Carter_Brown_Library/remember_haiti/econ_wimpffen.php

Alexandre-Stanislas is mentioned in The Kingdom of this World as a comparison to the French “visionaries” who gave the sons of free slaves political rights.  The opinions he voiced in his work are exactly what the Constituent Assembly would agree with.  In A Voyage to Saint Domingo, Wimpffen speaks out against slavery.  He writes “Your colonies, such as they are, cannot exist without slavery.  This is a frightening truth, I confess.”  This quote sums up the feelings of M. Lenormand de Mezy perfectly.  After meeting with Governor Blancheland, the de Mezy realizes he will have nothing once he loses his slaves.  As the plantations fall, so will the colonies.  Wimpffen also foreshadows the uprising of the slaves later in his book, writing: “…and as thirty thousand whites can only control four hundred and sixty thousand Negroes by the force of opinion..."

For a link to the digital copy of the book, noted above, go to:

http://www.brown.edu/Facilities/John_Carter_Brown_Library/remember_haiti/econ_wimpffen.php



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